mad as hell at Ethiopia
With the collapse of the new Somali government, Somalis look for answers
By Abdi Dirshe
Toronto - Allegations of threat and intimidation of Ethiopian intelligence
agents towards a number of Somali parliamentarians raise new questions
of Ethiopia's involvement in the Somali peace process. For the past week
un-known masked individuals in the Kenyan Capital, Nairobi physically
attacked several Somali parliamentarians where the peace process was ongoing
for the past two years. These acts of violence and other threats of death,
according to several Somali parliamentarians, are carried out by Ethiopian
secret agents working at their Embassy in Nairobi.
allege that these agents are doing so in retaliation of the recent collapse
of the newly selected government led by Abdullahi Yussuf, an Ethiopian
backed Somali warlord. It is believed that they want to make sure that
these parliamentarians stop opposing their man, Mr. Yussuf, who they be-lieve
will surely serve the Ethiopian interest in Somalia.
are outraged at the actions of the Ethiopian government. Somalis are discussing
these issues at the coffee shops, on the radios and at their homes. They
are saying enough is enough; we will not take this any more. They are
demanding that their leaders leave Kenya now and go home. Ethiopia is
part of the problem in Somalia, they say.
On 23 January 1992,
the Security Council adopted resolution 733 (1992) impos-ing an arms embargo
A panel of United Nations' experts was dispatched to investigate violations
of the embargo. After traveling the entire world and interviewing hundreds
of people, public and private, outside and inside Somalia, the Panel submitted
its first report to the Security Council on 25 March 2003 (S/2003/223).
It stated among other things:
"Ethiopia has played an overt military role in Somalia. Not only
has Ethiopia been a major source of weapons for a number of Somali groups,
Ethiopia has also invaded and occupied parts of Somalia. Ostensibly, and
justifiably, the first direct military involvement of Ethiopia in Somalia,
in 1996 and 1997, was in response to the activities of al-Ittihad al-Islami,
includ-ing terrorist attacks in Ethiopia. Ethiopia's incursions crushed
al-Ittihad's mili-tary capacity. Since then, however, the Government has
used the threat of al-Ittihad as an excuse for Ethiopian involvement in
Somali internal affairs rather than for legitimate national security concerns.
The Report went on:
"Ethiopia's military presence in western Somalia is significant and
Ethiopia continues to provide military assistance to various factions
of the Somali Rec-onciliation and Restoration Council. One International
observer who has vis-ited Baidoa saw ammunition boxes with Amharic writing
on them in July 2002. Other international observers reported seeing and
even meeting Ethiopian military officers."
Needless to say, the
People of Somalia are truly upset and the fact is Ethiopia has been and
still is a major factor of the problems in Somalia. It is the respon-sibility
of the world community, especially the leaders and the people of Soma-lia
to take a stand against the naked aggression of the Ethiopian government.